1642年1月8日,天文学家伽利略·伽利莱(77岁)在意大利

1642年1月8日,天文学家伽利略·伽利莱(77岁)在意大利阿塞特里去世。 伽利略(Galileo)有2个女儿被委托给一个女和一个儿子,他与一个富裕的佛罗伦萨家庭结婚。 1614年,托马索·卡奇尼神父在圣玛丽亚·诺维拉讲坛上谴责伽利略关于地球运动的观点,认为它们是错误的。 伽利略去罗马,为自己辩护。 1616年,他被贝拉米诺枢机主教告诫,他不能捍卫哥白尼天文学,因为它违背了教会的教义。 后来,在1632年,他被圣职办公室召唤到罗马。 法庭通过了判他死刑的判决,并迫使伽利略庄严地废除他的理论。 他被送往锡耶纳(Siena)流放。 伽利略度过了他的最后几年,几乎完全是盲目的和贫穷的。 1999年,达瓦·索贝尔(Dava Sobel)出版了《伽利略的女儿》。
原文:1642 Jan 8, Astronomer Galileo Galilei (77) died in Arcetri, Italy. Galileo had 2 daughters consigned to a nunnery and one son, whom he got married into a rich Florentine family. In 1614, Father Tommaso Caccini denounced the opinions of Galileo on the motion of the Earth from the pulpit of Santa Maria Novella, judging them to be erroneous. Galileo went to Rome and defended himself against charges that had been made against him. In 1616, he was admonished by Cardinal Bellarmino and told that he could not defend Copernican astronomy because it went against the doctrine of the Church. Later, in 1632 he was summoned by the Holy Office to Rome. The tribunal passed a sentence condemning him and compelled Galileo to solemnly abjure his theory. He was sent to exile in Siena.  Galileo spent his last years almost totally blind and poor. In 1999 Dava Sobel published “Galileo”s Daughter.”