1642年10月23日,埃奇希尔战役是英国内战中保皇党和议会

1642年10月23日,埃奇希尔战役是英国内战中保皇党和议会势力之间的第一次重大冲突。查理一世国王和11-15,000名骑士在由埃塞克斯伯爵和奥利弗·克伦威尔领导的13-15,000圆头战斗中占据了制高点。冲突始于少量的加农炮交换。保皇派炮兵的上坡位置阻碍了它的前进,使它的大炮无法有效抵抗下方的敌人。结果,在国王侄子鲁珀特亲王的率领下,保皇派骑兵从山上冲向议员们,使大部分人丧生。保皇党没有利用最初的成功,因为军队对掠夺城镇的兴趣比对战斗的兴趣更大。这使议员部队可以重新编组并分解敌人的编队。经过数小时的艰苦奋斗,双方撤回了原来的位置,留下一片散落着碎片和人员伤亡的田地。
原文:1642 Oct 23, The Battle of Edgehill was the first major clash between Royalist and Parliamentary forces in the English Civil Wars. King Charles I and 11-15,000 Cavaliers held the high ground against 13-15,000 Roundheads led by the Earl of Essex and Oliver Cromwell. The conflict began with a smattering of cannon exchanges. The Royalist artillery was hampered by its uphill position, rendering its cannons largely ineffective against the enemy below. As a result, Royalist cavalry, led by the King’s nephew, Prince Rupert, swept down the hill toward the Parliamentarians, decimating a large section of their ranks. The Royalists did not capitalize on this initial success, however, as the troops became more interested in plundering the town than in finishing the fight. This allowed Parliamentarian troops to regroup and break up enemy formations. After several hours of hard fighting, both sides withdrew to their original positions, leaving a field scattered with debris and casualties.