1638年12月18日,佩雷·约瑟夫(Francois du

1638年12月18日,佩雷·约瑟夫(Francois du Tremblay,1577年生),法国卷尾猴修道士,黎塞留枢机的知己和特工去世。 他是最初的杰出人物-法语术语(“灰色杰出人物”),指的是秘密或非正式运作的强大顾问或决策者。 黎塞留(Richelieu)被称为“红色胭脂(ÉminenceRouge)”; 从各自的习惯颜色。
原文:1638 Dec 18, Pere Joseph (Francois du Tremblay, b.1577), French Capuchin friar, confidant and agent of Cardinal Richelieu, died. He was the original éminence grise — the French term (“grey eminence”) for a powerful advisor or decision-maker who operates secretly or unofficially. Richelieu was known as Éminence Rouge (red eminence); from the colors of their respective habits.