1202年11月,第四次十字军东征解散了Zara。 第四次十

1202年11月,第四次十字军东征解散了Zara。 第四次十字军东征的领导人同意解雇威尼斯的竞争对手扎拉(今克罗地亚的扎达尔),以支付威尼斯人向十字军提供的运输费用。 扎拉曾是威尼斯共和国的一部分,对威尼斯的海上贸易构成了竞争。 十字军无法筹集足够的资金支付其威尼斯人的承包商,尽管教皇英诺森三世禁止该行动并威胁将其驱逐出境,但十字军仍同意包围该市。 舰队于1202年10月启航,于11月到达扎拉。扎拉是第一个遭到烈士十字军袭击的基督教城市,仅两周后就投降了。 军队随后在该城市越冬,并于次年计划对拜占庭首都君士坦丁堡进行进攻。
原文:1202 Nov, The Fourth Crusade sacked Zara. The leaders of the Fourth Crusade agreed to sack Zara (present-day Zadar, Croatia), a rival of Venice, as payment for transportation the Venetians supplied the crusaders. Zara, previously part of the Venetian republic, posed competition to Venice’s maritime trade. Unable to raise enough funds to pay to their Venetian contractors, the crusaders agreed to lay siege to the city despite letters from Pope Innocent III forbidding such an action and threatening excommunication. The fleet set sail in October of 1202, reaching Zara in Nov. Zara, the first Christian city to be assaulted by crusaders, surrendered after just two weeks. The army then wintered in the city and planned an attack on the Byzantine capital of Constantinople the following year.