1912年10月18日,巴尔干同盟(塞尔维亚,保加利亚,希腊

1912年10月18日,巴尔干同盟(塞尔维亚,保加利亚,希腊和黑山)与奥斯曼帝国之间爆发了第一次巴尔干战争。 一次小规模的巴尔干战争爆发,并被大国平息。 阿尔巴尼亚民族主义激起了对土耳其统治的反抗,并导致了第一次巴尔干战争,土耳其人被驱逐出巴尔干半岛的大部分地区。 1908年,奥匈帝国吞并了波斯尼亚和黑塞哥维那,这促使塞尔维亚与邻国建立了巴尔干同盟。 由于对土耳其的战争,塞尔维亚获得了北马其顿的领土加倍。 阿尔巴尼亚领导人确认阿尔巴尼亚为独立国家。 [请参阅10月8日]
原文:1912 Oct 18, The First Balkan War broke out between the members of the Balkan League– Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece and Montenegro–and the Ottoman Empire. A small Balkan War broke out and was quelled by the major powers. Albanian nationalism spurred repeated revolts against Turkish dominion and resulted in the First Balkan War in which the Turks were driven out of much of the Balkan Peninsula. Austria-Hungary’s 1908 annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina spurred Serbian efforts to form the Balkan alliance with its neighbors.  As a result of the war on Turkey, Serbia doubled its territory with the award of Northern Macedonia. Albanian leaders affirmed Albania as an independent state. [see Oct 8]