1975年6月25日,莫桑比克成为一个独立国家(是加利福尼亚

1975年6月25日,莫桑比克成为一个独立国家(是加利福尼亚的两倍),结束了近五个世纪的葡萄牙统治,并持续了1992年的长期内战。第一届政府上台后就拥护了马克思主义。 60万葡萄牙农民放弃了他们的农场,农业受到了严重破坏。 弗雷利莫(莫桑比克解放阵线)掌权,反对罗纳莫(莫桑比克国家抵抗运动),后者由罗得西亚和南非的白领政府支持。 联合国儿童教育基金会估计,至少有850名儿童被Renamo的游击队绑架。 有些人被迫打架,但大多数人被当做厨师和清洁工。
原文:1975 Jun 25, Mozambique became an independent state (twice the size of California), ending nearly five centuries of Portuguese rule and a long civil war began that lasted to 1992. The first government embraced Marxism soon after taking power. 600,000 Portuguese farmers abandoned their farms and the agricultural industry was devastated. Frelimo (the Mozambican Liberation Front) took power in opposition to Renamo (the Mozambique National Resistance), which was supported by white-led governments in Rhodesia and South Africa. The UN Children’s Education Fund estimated that at least 850 children were kidnapped by guerillas of Renamo. Some were forced to fight but most were put to work as cooks and cleaners.