1904年8月14日,西南非洲(后来的纳米比亚)一个部落的放

1904年8月14日,西南非洲(后来的纳米比亚)一个部落的放牧牛的埃雷罗斯(Herosros)成为20世纪第一批种族灭绝的受害者。威廉二世(Kaiser Wilhelm II)已派洛萨·冯·特洛萨(Lothar von Trotha)将军与叛乱的科伊科伊(Khoikhoi)一起平定了赫罗(Herero)起义。特罗莎(Trotha)将埃雷罗斯(Heerros)驱赶到沙漠中,然后发布了正式的“灭绝令”(Schrecklichkeit),授权对所有拒绝投降的人进行屠杀。在约8万埃雷罗斯(Herosros)中,有6万人在沙漠中死亡。在投降的15,000人中,有一半在监狱中死亡。约有9,000人逃到了邻国。 2004年,德国高级政府官员在纳米比亚纪念起义100周年的典礼上为种族灭绝道歉。 2005年,一位德国部长承认德国殖民大国的暴力行为,并承认在起义之后,幸存的赫雷罗,纳马和达玛拉被关押在营地中,被迫从事残酷的强迫劳动,以致许多人无法生存。
原文:1904 Aug 14, The cattle-herding Hereros, a tribe of Southwest Africa (later Namibia), became the first genocide victims of the 20th century. Kaiser Wilhelm II had sent General Lothar von Trotha to put down a Herero uprising along with the groups of rebellious Khoikhoi. Trotha drove the Hereros into the desert and then issued a formal “extermination order” (Schrecklichkeit) authorizing the slaughter of all who refused to surrender. Out of some 80,000 Hereros, 60,000 died in the desert. Of the 15,000 who surrendered, half of those died in prison camps. Some 9,000 escaped to neighboring countries. In 2004 a senior German government official apologized for the genocide during a ceremony in Namibia marking the 100th anniversary of the uprising. In 2005 a German minister acknowledged violence by German colonial powers and admitted that following uprisings, the surviving Herero, Nama and Damara were interned in camps and put to forced labor of such brutality that many did not survive.